future is now
Roncopathy

Roncopathy

Restful sleep versus snoring 

Sleep allows for a good rest and restoration of physical and mental energy levels of the body, giving a pleasant feeling of well-being. Respiratory disorders such as heavy snoring (snoring) are responsible for the interruption / Repeated sleep fragmentation, causing abnormal levels of oxygen and carbon dioxide in the blood. Consequently results in  excessive sleepiness, fatigue and loss of energy, with serious effects on health, including increased risk of developing:
- cardiovascular disease: hypertension, ischemia and stroke
- cerebrovascular diseases
- neuropsychiatric disorders
- endocrine diseases
- metabolic diseases
- traffic and labor accidents.
 
The snoring is considered pathological when it is strong, irregular and interspaced, and requires a greater effort to breathe properly, so the rest ends up not being truly restful.

Description: Ressonar

Snoring has implications at various levels, including:
- social, affecting relationships
- cultural
- psychological
- economic.
 
It is a common problem that continues to be underdiagnosed and becomes serious concern due to loss of quality of life of patients, which contributes to increased morbidity and mortality in this group of individuals.

Why do we snore?
Snoring and Sleep Apnea
Snoring prevalence
Risk factors
Our solucion

Why do we snore?
The snoring is an underlying health problem to the sound of breathing that occurs during sleep, with varying degrees of mild, moderate or severe. This is due to a narrowing of the upper airway, blocking nasal airflow . This obstruction, at the top of the palate, offers resistance to the passage of air, which makes breathing difficult and causes a neuromuscular effort during sleep.
As sleep becomes deeper there is a muscular relaxation, which also occurs at the level of muscles necessary for breathing. This physiological process does not cause problems in most people, but in others may cause a worsening of the initial obstruction hindering the passage of air. So that the same amount of air  reaches the lungs, the body tries to compensate for this resistance, increasing the speed of air flow, which causes vibrations and consequent noise.
 
 
Snoring and Sleep Apnea
A common snorer snores  more than 10% to 20% of the night or more than 3 to 4 nights a week (according to definition  of American Academy of Sleep Medicine).
 
Sleep apnea is a late and severe stage of the heavy snoring, which constitutes obstruction , during sleep, of the airways, with repeated interruptions blocking completely the breathing for periods of time that can exceed 10 seconds.  Underlying obstruction residing changes the nasal level, such as a deviated septum, hypertrophic rhinitis, rhino-sinus and naso-sinusal polyposis, and the narrowing of the pharynx, including palate and long uvula, hypertrophic tonsils overall narrow pharynx and bulky languages, associated or not with mandibular hypoplasia and poor mouth opening. The obstruction is in the collapse of the soft palate and / or the base of the tongue against the pharyngeal walls, which causes hypoventilation. This accounts for low oxygen levels with a high degree of commitment of organ function, decreased quality of life, co-morbidity and co-mortality.

Description: Ressonar e Apneia do Sono

 
Snoring prevalence

  • Worldwide:

32% male
21% female
(Source: SQU Med, 2012, Iss. 2, p. 161-168).
 

  • In Spain:

49,2% middle-aged men
42% middle-aged women
(Source: An. Med. Interna, 1998; 15: 669-71)
 
 
Risk factors

  •  Overweight
  • Alcohol (for hypotonia oropharyngeal and resistance to airflow)
  • Tobacco (inflammation, edema, resistance to airflow)
  • Hypertension bronchitis and atopy (for airway inflammation that can cause nasal congestion). The respiratory secretions accumulated block the flow of air, making breathing difficult.
  • anatomical abnormalities (ex .: deviated septum, nose or narrow nasal cavity, failure or valvular        insufficiency)
  • Age Advance (for physiological decrease of muscle tonus) 

Related products:

 

The medical information provided on this site is intended to be useful and informative read. Intended to complement, but not intended in any way replace medical consultation. If the user is suffering from a health problem, you should consult a health professional.

Contact us

  Av. Professor Doutor Augusto Abreu Lopes nº 53 B Lj A
2675-301 Odivelas, Portugal
  + 351 219 346 450
  + 351 219 346 459

Click here to send us comments or suggestions.

Follow us

Facebook icon
LinkedIn icon

Subscribe our news

made by 3gntw Goldfarma © 2013 | All rights reserved Back to top